For the ten year period from FY2009 to FY2018, Alabama EPSCoR was awarded 235 awards for a total of $152M from the National Science Foundation, the Department of Energy, the National Aeronautics and Space Administration and the U.S. Department of Agriculture. Each federal research agency has multiple mechanisms, or funding programs, to fund research. Funding mechanisms vary in their focus depending on the mission, some variables include the type of research being done (basic or applied); it might support a researcher early in their career or one with more experience; it may require a single or a team of researchers. The team may need to be from a single jurisdiction (state) or several jurisdictions; there may be a requirement to conduct outreach programs or work with a national laboratory. Funding levels and period of performance (POP) vary as well. The researchers may need to show adequate progress before being awarded the full award.